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Cơ bản Car Body Guide

Thảo luận trong 'Khung gầm' bắt đầu bởi phanminhnhat, 11/11/12.

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    Tham gia ngày:
    26/4/09
    Số km:
    4,131
    Được đổ xăng:
    1,002
    Mã lực:
    616
    Giới tính:
    Nam
    Xăng dự trữ:
    36,090 lít xăng
    Body - the car or other vehicle intended for passengers and cargo. Body is attached to the vehicle frame. There are also frameless body performing a function at the same time frame - attached to them all the other units and units of the car.

    At the time, the car quickly developed. The engine took quite inconvenient for passengers place - between the large arches front steering wheels, radiator located in front - to cool his slipstream, the drive wheels - the rear, which is beneficial to improve the traction of the car. From a constructive point of view, this layout scheme was quite rational, improving, it has survived to this day and is called "classic layout". The engine, transmission, chassis mounted to the frame. All generally called the "chassis". Chassis could move and exist without a body. Body mounted on the chassis as a separate and independent unit to perform. With the body was producing a car designed to perform a specific function.

    Today the shape of the car depends on many factors: the layout and design, the materials used and manufacturing body. In turn, the emergence of a new form makes search for new technological methods and new materials. And of course, the development of forms of vehicle impact of socio-economic factors, and because of the special qualities of the car - its "prestige" and fashion.

    cabover body - body type - one-volume passenger body, the center of the steering wheel which is in front of the front axle. Numerous cheap Japanese and Korean "kids" wagon-fit this definition.

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    brougham - body type - Brougham - passenger body with an opening part of the roof over the front-row seats

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    convertible - body type - Cabriolet - body with a folding roof - passenger body with a soft folding tent with openable side windows. According to generally accepted international classification of this body is not equipped with openable and removable side windows. There are also convertible limousine, dashboard and photo-convertible.

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    cabriolet hardtop - body type - passenger body with removable hardtop

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    Convertible Limousine - Body type - convertible with fixed landing sidewalls

    combi - body type - two-volume body, having the back door for the carriage of passengers or goods (with the rear seats folded). The name clearly indicates the origin and destination (combined from the sedan and wagon, combining their quality), we have not caught on, even though the last many years production model IZH Combi. It is much more common to get foreign word hatchback. Germany - Heckklappenlimousine.

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    coupe - body type (Zaporozhets). Two-volume or three-volume passenger body with two side doors and one major or one major and one additional seat rows

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    landau - body type - passenger body with an opening part of the roof over the rear seat rows

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    Limousine - body type - passenger body having a wall behind the first row of seats, with an opening window. Germany - Pullman. Generally referred to as long as a minimum of a passenger car with three rows of seats

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    pickup - body type - Pick-up (in English "pick", "catch") - combi body with an open platform for cargo and cab separated from the cargo bed stationary wall.

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    Roadster - body type - Roadster - open 2-seater - passenger double folding soft body co tent.

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    Sedan - body type (Gigue, Moskvich), the name goes back to the stretcher. Three-volume passenger body with two or four (six) of the side doors. Names in other countries: USA - Sedan, United Kingdom - Saloon, France - Berline, Germany - Limousine, Italy - Berlina

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    targa - body type - Targa - passenger body with removable middle part of the roof

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    wagon - body type (VAZ-2104) with a lot of luggage, designed to transport people and low-weight cargo, the rear seats can usually be transformed into a cargo area - two-volume body with a rear door with permanent cargo space is not separated from the passenger compartment stationary partition (back row (rows) seats down). Other names: USA - Station Wagon, UK - Estate car, France - Break, Germany - Kombi, Italy - Giardinera.

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    fastback - Bodywork - (Fastback, Germany - Fliessheck) - two-volume passenger body with two or four doors and slowly descending back cover - without the rear hatch door (Victory). Flat back wall sedan has spread along with the craze aerodynamic shape in the 30's. Currently, little used

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    shay - body type - Phaeton - The 4-seater (UAZ-469 with an open body) - passenger body with a soft folding awning and with removable side windows. In this case, there was some confusion. The Germans called chaise 6-seater cabriolet version - 4-6-seater body with a folding roof and a removable stand side windows.

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    chaise-wagon - body type - combi box, intended for the carriage of passengers or goods, with a soft folding or removable canopy and removable side windows (lengthening the door). Notable members of this body type can be considered a UAZ-469 and LUAZ-969. A similar construction doomed to extinction strict standards for safety tip-over. But now more and more popular "beach" open jeep pickup trucks and the like "hybrids"

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    van - 1) coupe truck, 2) body type station wagon car - Coupe with a partition separating the driver from the room space for cargo. In 80-90s vans with side windows, removable seats in the cargo hold without partition are becoming more common. Other names: UK - Van, Germany - Kastenwagen, France - Fourgonette.

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    hardtop coupe - body type - coupe body (two-, three-volume) without secondary side stand with lowered side windows.

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    hardtop sedan - body type - Sedan-Hardtop. Notchback (three-volume) without secondary side stand with lowered side windows. Fashion for such a body introduced Americans in the 50's, but now they are rare - in this design is difficult to ensure the strength of the roof of a rollover car

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    hetcbek - type Kuzov - Hatchback (literally - "Dverce szadi"), Germany - Heckklappenlimousine - kuzov, analogicnyj Universal, but with naklonnoj zadnej and gates, respectively, menʹšimi razmerami gruzovogo otdelenie. It will, CTO van

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    hetchven - body style - a cross between a hatchback and a minivan - monocab - minivan platform machine mini class, for example, Golf Plus; same as HPV
     

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